Wednesday, March 7, 2012

AdaptCap Project Background

AdaptCap Project Background Climate Change

Climate change is a global phenomenon. Climate change refers to changes in the composition of the earth‘s atmosphere, which are over and above the natural variability in climate. There is widespread consensus in the scientific community that climate change is caused to a large extent by greenhouse gas emissions cause by human activities. Natural factors play only a secondary role (IPCC 2007).

Because of its anthropogenic drivers the United Nations agreed on the following definition of climate change: “Climate change means a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.” 
[UNFCCC, Article 1 (2.)]

Global warming is not the only problem now facing mankind, but it is one of the most serious with which humanity has ever been confronted.” (United Nations Environment Programme: Our Planet – Climate Change & Economic Development, 2007). To mitigate climate change human beings all over the world will have to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

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